Expecting mothers are at a higher risk of developing oral health problems, which can also have a negative impact on the growth of the baby. The article discusses more about dental problems during pregnancy and precautions that need to be taken.
Dental problems become more severe in expectant mothers because hormonal changes make their body highly susceptible to gum diseases and oral infections. The dental problems will not only affect pregnant women, but also the developing fetus. This is why it’s important for expectant mothers to go for regular checkups at a dental clinic to avoid major problems and know if they need any dental work during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, lower levels of plaque can lead to several oral problems. As a matter of fact, many pregnant women will experience some level of gingivitis that is identified by swollen, red gums which bleed easily. If not treated, gingivitis could become a gum disease. Studies have also shown that women with such condition are more likely to give birth to a preterm baby.
Recently, periodontal disease (gum disease) has been featured heavily in the news due to the surprising relations discovered between the condition and other medical problems. The studies have proven that there is a strong relation between pregnancy and oral health because periodontal diseases are now emerging as new risk factors for premature birth, low birth weight or even still birth. It seems as if this disease might have the same impact on those complications as smoking, alcohol and drug use.
Good oral hygiene and essential dental work during pregnancy is important if the mother wants to avoid oral infection and painful complications, which can affect the unborn baby. A balanced diet can help significantly in preventing dental problems. Other ways to prevent these problems would be to brush twice daily with a good anti-cavity toothpaste as well as to avoid food with sugar content and other ingredients that can cause tooth decay.
Infection in the gums and teeth can spread easily throughout the body and negatively affect the health of the fetus. It is advisable to visit a dentist to get recommendations for antibiotics which are safe to take during pregnancy. Any tooth pain that is experienced during pregnancy should be treated promptly to avoid an infection.
Many dentists will advise against dental work during pregnancy, especially if the procedures are requested during the first trimester, to lower the risk to developing embryo. Stressful dental procedures are also not recommended in the third trimester in order to avoid inducing premature labor.
If you are experiencing bleeding after brushing or flossing or notice that you have receding gums, then you might have a gum disease. It is better to consult your dentist to get oral care recommendations to improve gum health. Always remember that having healthy gums is very important for you to maintain good general health.